Acid Reflux & GERD

Acid Reflux, GERD, and other disorders

Sometimes, the feeling of really bothersome heartburn can actually be acid reflux or a medical condition called GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease).

What is Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux is the term used when the acid in your stomach backs up or 'refluxes' into the esophagus where it doesn't belong.

Acid Reflux Symptoms

The most common symptom of acid reflux is heartburn — but it isn't the only one. In fact, you may not even experience heartburn when you're suffering from acid reflux. Another common acid reflux symptom is the feeling of acid backing up into your throat.  This can cause a sour or bitter taste in the mouth. You may also experience a ‘wet burp’ or even throw up.

A graphic simulation showing acid build up in the stomach backing up into the esophagus

Heartburn 2X or more a week.

What is GERD?

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD refers to chronic or recurring acid reflux. Reflux by itself isn't unusual. GERD, on the other hand, develops when acid reflux happens two or more times a week and produces troublesome symptoms. If left untreated, GERD may lead to some serious health problems. Only your doctor can tell you if you have GERD.

How serious is GERD?

When your esophagus or throat are regularly exposed to stomach acid for a prolonged period of time. It can cause pain, inflammation of the esophagus and tissue abnormalities. This could affect your quality of life, ability to swallow, breathe and even speak. Unmanaged, this damage could increase your risk of developing certain types of cancers.

Talk to a healthcare professional if:

  • You experience heartburn or acid reflux more than once a week
  • You still suffer from heartburn even after taking over-the-counter or prescription heartburn medications
  • Your heartburn symptoms become more severe over time
  • Your heartburn symptoms start lasting longer or become more frequent
  • You experience severe hoarseness or wheezing
  • Swallowing food or pills becomes difficult or painful

Always read and follow the label and use as directed. TUMS is for the treatment of mild to moderate heartburn. This site is not intended to diagnose your medical conditions. Consult your doctor if you have any questions.